Home' ALGY : ALGY Edition 23 2016 Contents 108 • THE AUSTRALIAN LOCAL GOVERNMENT YEARBOOK EDITION 23
Product specification and verification
Correct product specification/verification, good lighting design
and a good-quality installation are all needed to achieve optimal
energy efficiency, reliability, safety and regulatory conformance.
LEDs have different characteristics to traditional lighting, but
they should be evaluated on the same performance basis
as other light sources. The following product test reports
and declaration should be the minimum sought to help
determine that an LED luminaire is safe, conforms to regulatory
requirements, and is able to achieve the claimed performance:
• Product safety -- AS/NZS 60598.2.3:2015 Luminaires for road
• Product performance -- SA/SNZ TS 1158.6:2015 Lighting for
roads and public spaces -- Part 6: Luminaires -- Performance
• Electromagnetic compatibility -- The Australian
Communications and Media Authority5 requires supplier
registration and a supplier declaration of conformity (based
on a product test). Non-conforming LED products can cause
television and radio interference.
• IES LM-79-2008 Electrical and Photometric Measurements of
Solid State Lighting Products applies to the whole product,
including power supply, luminaire and heat sink. It measures
total luminous flux, electrical power, luminous intensity
distribution and chromaticity.
• IES LM-80-08 Measuring Lumen Maintenance of LED
Lighting Sources provides a method of measurement and
extrapolation of the measurements to calculate the lumen
maintenance of an LED light source.
• IESNA TM 21-11 Projecting Long-Term Lumen Maintenance
of LED Light Sources uses the LM-80-08 and provides a
method to extrapolate values and enable a more accurate
quantification of lumen depreciation.
Testing and certification should be performed by third
parties to ensure that reports and certificates are legitimate.
Lighting Council Australia's Solid State Lighting Quality Scheme
is one such independent certification scheme.
Lighting designs should be completed by a qualified lighting
designer according to the relevant parts of the AS/NZS 1158
series of Australian Standards (determined by the category of
the area to be illuminated).
Enhanced safety, amenity and increased savings are possible
through adapting the luminaire light output according to
local events and conditions. Adaptive lighting systems can
accommodate changes in pedestrian/traffic density; changes
to local weather conditions (including fog and heavy rain);
special events in entertainment precincts; the need for constant
light output over the life of the luminaire; control, monitoring
and recording of the operating status of luminaires remotely;
scheduling and communications; maintenance needs; and
emergency response and demand response considerations.
Adaptive systems can optimise lighting designs in a constrained
design -- for example, an existing fixed pole and fixed mounting
LED streetlights with adaptive controls require a cooperative
approach with utilities to lower the rates that are levied on
councils as a consequence of reduced energy consumption.
Remote metering offers an excellent tool for quantifying savings.
Other revenue streams
All stakeholders should consider the opportunities to base
new revenue-generating services around streetlighting
infrastructure. The linking of sensors (for example parking, traffic
flow, ambient light level and weather monitoring), CCTV, wi-fi,
mobile phone picocell base stations, et cetera, with mobile
phone and authority system applications enables new business
opportunities and enhanced service delivery.
Responsible treatment of end-of-life mercury-
Unlike LED luminaires, traditional streetlighting lamps contain
significant quantities of mercury. Streetlighting upgrade projects
should include a requirement to recycle mercury-containing
lamps. The FluoroCycle program is an Australian Government--
accredited voluntary product stewardship scheme that seeks to
increase the national recycling rate of waste mercury-containing
lamps. There is no fee to apply, and there are more than 260
FluoroCycle Signatories nationally, including many utilities that
About the author
Bryan Douglas is Chief Executive Officer of Lighting Council
Australia, and Secretary General of the Global Lighting
Association. Lighting Council Australia is the peak body
for Australia's lighting industry. Its goal is to encourage
the use of environmentally appropriate, energy-efficient,
quality lighting systems. The Global Lighting Association is a
grouping of peak national and regional lighting associations
representing more than 5000 lighting manufacturers and
US$75 billion in annual sales.
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